spermicide side effects

They may experience swelling, a red or pink rash or skin lesions (sores). Vaginal irritation — such as burning or itching or a rash — is the most common side effect of spermicide. Spermicide, let us count the ways: Gel and jelly, inserts, film, and foam. If symptoms continue to occur when using spermicide, a different birth control is recommended. … All rights reserved. Check with your doctor immediatelyif any of the following side effects occur: Rare Signs of toxic shock syndrome—for cervical caps or diaphragms 1. Symptoms include temporary itching, redness, and swelling. Related. Signs of a UTI include increased urgency to urinate, foul urine odor and pain upon urination. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Copper IUD Side Effects. Spermicide side effects Spermicide may increase your risk of getting urinary tract infections. Suppositories take 10 to 15 minutes before they dissolve and take effect. Spermicide used with another barrier method (condoms, diaphragm, or cervical cap) is more effective at preventing pregnancy than spermicide alone. Side Effects of Discontinuing Use of a NuvaRing. Given its possible and probable risks, it is … There is an increased risk of women contracting a urinary tract infection when using spermicide. Spermidine Side Effects. The only spermicide available in the U.S. is nonoxynol-9 (N-9). The contraceptive has a success rate of 71 percent; this means that out of 100 adults using spermicide for contraception, 29 will result in a pregnancy 1. Spermicides are not as effective as many other birth control methods, such as birth control pills or intrauterine devices (IUDs). Spermicide may have side effects. December 29, 2014 0. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online, sunburn-like skin rash that is followed by peeling of the skin, unusual redness of the inside of the nose, mouth, throat, vagina, or eyelids, Skin rash, redness, irritation, or itching that does not go away within a short period of time, thick, white, or curd-like vaginal discharge—with use of cervical caps or diaphragms only, vaginal irritation, redness, rash, dryness, or whitish discharge, Vaginal discharge (temporary)—with use of creams, foams, and suppositories. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Second-generation effects Teratogenicity. Using spermicide alone isn’t the most effective way to prevent pregnancy, but it’s better than using no birth control at all. In Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition), 2016. Spermicides are most effective when used with a barrier method, such as a condom. Spermicides are creams, gels, foams, or suppositories that kill sperm. Most spermicides contain nonoxynol-9. They are inserted into the vagina from an hour to at least 15 minutes before having sex. Its use may cause vaginal burning and irritation from the spermicide. Of the couples who use spermicide incorrectly, 29 percent will become pregnant. Because sores expose bodily fluids, such as blood, there is an increased risk of transmitting HIV and other STDs. It is commonly used as a spermicidal agent when used intravaginally. The spermicide used on spermicidal condoms, nonoxynol-9, can cause allergic reactions in some people as well. Dr Farhan - June 17, 2020. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. This content does not have an English version. Side Effects, Health Benefits, and Health Risks; Correcting Misunderstandings; Facts About Combined Oral Contraceptives and Cancer; Who Can and Cannot Use Combined Oral Contraceptives; Medical Eligibility Criteria for Combined Oral Contraceptives ; Using Clinical Judgment in Special Cases; Providing Combined Oral Contraceptives; Giving Advice on Side Effects; Explaining How to Use; Supporting the … Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. There is an increased risk of women contracting a urinary tract infection when using spermicide. Looking for birth control that offers maximum protection from pregnancy? Spermicides disrupt normal bacteria in the vagina and urethra, according to The Mayo Clinic. easy to get. Copyright © 2021 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Chills 2. confusion 3. dizziness 4. fever 5. lightheadedness 6. muscle aches 7. sunburn-like skin rash that is followed by peeling of the skin 8. unusual redness of the inside of the nose… Spermicide may also cause an allergic reaction. They are meant to kill the sperm before they swim into the uterus and fertilize the egg. Learn More. As for supplements, I cannot say. This irritation may make it easier to be infected with STDs like HIV. It does not have the typical side effects of hormonal contraceptives (birth control pills, hormonal IUD spiral) Increases lubrication during sexual intercourse. November 28, 2017 0. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Spermicides may irritate the vagina and surrounding skin. I am married and therefore am not worried of STDs or anything. Thus, it is used as a locally acting non-hormonal contraceptive agent. All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice. So, how can you spot the culprit? [26] Concern has been raised over possible increased risk of birth defects in children conceived despite spermicide use, and also in children of women who, not yet aware of their condition, continued spermicide use during early pregnancy. 2 Sep 2016. Some people are allergic to spermicide or to the polyurethane or sulfites found in the sponge and may … The spermicide needs to be placed in the vagina. Call your doctor or get medical help if you have any side effects that bother you or do not go away. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Spermicide is a contraceptive substance that destroys sperm, inserted vaginally prior to intercourse to prevent pregnancy. They are available in various forms such as cream, gel, foam, film, and suppositories. Spermicide is one type of birth control method, to be used by women. [27] Spermicide may also cause an allergic reaction.Spermicide doesn't prevent sexually transmitted infections. Spermidices usually have instruction, expiration date and sometimes applicators (for easy insertion). These side effects are uncommon; one study found that only 3-5% of women who try spermicides discontinue use due to side effects. No supplement has been tested in humans to see what effects or side effects it might have. Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Hampton studied journalism and communications at the University of West Florida. Usually the spermicidal chemical itself is the culprit, but it could also be one of the other ingredients. Possible risks and side effects: Because the spermicide in the sponge can increase the risk of getting HIV from an infected partner, you should use the sponge only if you have one sexual partner and both of you are at low risk of HIV infection. Yeast infections could be a side effect for women if the condom is lubricated with nonoxynol-9, a spermicide. Fifteen percent of couples who use a spermicide as directed will become pregnant over the course of a year. Spermicide: Effectiveness, Side Effects And Risks. Most spermicides contain nonoxynol-9. … Some people may also develop hives in areas that may have had direct contact with the spermicide. Spermicides are a low cost and widely available, and let you avoid the side effects associated with hormonal birth control. Here are few side effects of condom that you never knew: Also Read - Contraception: Here is all you need to know about a new method and the ones that already exist. Vaginal irritation — such as burning or itching or a rash — is the most common side effect of spermicide. Copyright © 2021 IBM Watson Health. If you use spermicide lots of times a day, it can irritate your vagina and increase your risk of getting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Spermicides all have the common ingredient nonoxynol-9. Who Can Use Spermicide? Yes. Spermicide: Effectiveness, Side Effects And Risks. These side effects are uncommon; one study found that only 3-5% of women who try spermicides discontinue use due to side effects. Use of spermicides in the year before pregnancy or during pregnancy has been associated with adverse reproductive outcomes, including spontaneous abortion and Down’s syndrome. If you are using spermicide with a diaphragm, apply it to the upper side that will be in contact with the cervix. But that jumps up to 95% when combined with something like a condom or diaphragm. These are not all of the side effects that may occur. They’re the most effective kinds of birth … Often, any side effects are a result of the spermicide and not the condom itself. Signs of a UTI include increased urgency to urinate, foul urine odor and pain upon urination. If you have sex again apply additional spermicide without removing or dislodging the diaphragm. Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur: Rare Signs of toxic shock syndrome—for cervical caps or diaphragms. The chemical nonoxynol-9 that is used in spermicides to make them effective can cause irritation to sensitive genital tissues. And everyone's different—so what you experience may not be the same as what your friend experiences. The perfect use failure rate is much lower, at 6% (6 … It's always safest to rely … Some doctors recommend using any type of spermicidal methods of birth control not more than three times a month. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. When used in conjunction with contraceptive methods such as the diaphragm, the spermicide can reduce its failure rate. Some people worry that using spermicide condoms or any form of spermicide can cause congenital medical conditions if they do get pregnant. Signs and Symptoms of Infection While Using IUD Birth Control. Learn More. This means that in a year, 12 out of 100 women who use a diaphragm and spermicide together get pregnant. The WORST Thing About Condoms — and How One Company Aims to Revolutionize It. Best Lubricants against Yeast Infection. Therefore this type of birth control is mainly chosen by people, who have infrequent sexual life. If you’re serious about preventing pregnancy, use spermicide along with another method, like condoms or withdrawal (pulling out). Spermicide side effects. The most common reaction is a general burning sensation in the area that came in contact with the spermicidal lubricant; you may also … Best Lubricants against Yeast Infection. Easy to use and convenient to get a hold of; Can be inserted as foreplay (sexy!) This may indicate an allergy, which can be dealt with by trying a different spermicide or moving to a new form of birth control. Can You Contract an STD or Get Pregnant From Pre-Cum . In a preliminary analysis, an association was found between spermicide use at conception and tetraploid and hypertriploid conceptions [11]. You should always speak with your doctor before you follow anything that you read on this website. Are There Any Side Effects With Spermicide? ... Side Effects. Spermicide is one type of birth control method, to be used by women. The vagina lining or penis may become irritated when spermicide is present. Those who use spermicide may be more likely to develop urinary tract infections. (Use … There are no restrictions for the use of spermicides. Spermicides may irritate the vagina and surrounding skin. Some condoms are lubricated with spermicide gel to decrease the risk of pregnancy. The increased risk of birth defects in children conceived despite spermicide use and those whose mother continued using spermicide while unaware of initial pregnancy, has also been a concern associated with N-9 spermicides. [27] Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex. Breastfeeding women may … For example, spermicide with a diaphragm has an average failure rate of 12%. Those who use spermicide may be more likely to develop urinary tract infections. Learn More. American Pregnancy Association. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. Because there are so many types of spermicidal products, and they’re all relatively comparable in availability and cost, you're likely to find it nearby in at least one of its many forms—and for a very decent price. October 17, 2016 7. Check out IUDs and the implant. Grab it at the store or online. However, the FDA cites failure rates for typical users from 20-50%. By. Side Effects For Spermicide. Its use may cause vaginal burning and irritation from the spermicide. Side effects associated with spermicide use have been an increased incidence of vaginitis and an increase in urethritis (142–147). If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Can You Contract an STD or Get Pregnant From Pre-Cum. Learn More. [26] Concern has been raised over possible increased risk of birth defects in children conceived despite spermicide use, and also in children of women who, not yet aware of their condition, continued spermicide use during early pregnancy. This irritation may make it easier to become infected with STDs like HIV. When used during anal and vaginal sex, spermicide can increase the chance of open sores. Though the use of contraceptive gels is convenient, some side effects may occur. Always read instruction and check expiration date. How well spermicides prevent pregnancy when used alone is not certain. Teratogenicity. December 29, 2014 0. If you’re experiencing symptoms of an allergy but are not allergic to latex or are using a latex-free condom, you could blame the spermicide. Are There Any Side Effects With Spermicide? Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. October 17, 2016 7. Get more info on the potential risks. This irritation can be increased if you are using spermicides several times a day. About 28 out of 100 women who use spermicide alone will get pregnant in the first year of typical use. Pros and Cons of Spermicides. Spermicide may also be worse than useless in protecting against STIs. Using condoms lubricated with spermicide is not recommended when participating in anal sexual intercourse. A spermicide condom differs from other condoms because it is coated with spermicide, a type of chemical that kills sperm and is designed to prevent sperm from entering the uterus. Find information about common, infrequent and rare side effects of Nonoxynol-9 Vaginal. Negative Side Effects of Condoms. Contact you doctor if you experience: Bloody or cloudy urine ; Skin rash, redness, or irritation; Pain in the lower abdomen; … Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately. Some women who use a contraceptive gel may develop a rash in the genital area. Nonoxynol-9 is the active ingredient in most spermicidal creams, jellies, foams, gel, film, and suppositories. Nonoxynol-9, an ingredient in spermicide, may irritate sensitive genital tissues, especially if you use it several times a day. Are spermicides reversible? Among birth … It … Learn More. cost. Contraindications Some women and men are sensitive to spermicidal products. These are not all of the side effects that may occur. Contact your doctor right away if you notice negative side effects. [citation needed] Lubricant. A 2004 study found that over a six-month period, the typical-use failure rates for five nonoxynol-9 vaginal contraceptives (film, suppository, and gels at three … Spermicide works best as a second contraception method. November 28, 2017 0. side effects Most don’t have any problems, but you or your man could have some irritation. Some people who use diaphragms get urinary tract infections (UTIs) a lot. About The … Find patient medical information for Ramses Personal Spermicidal Lubricant Vaginal on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. In some individuals, an allergic reaction may lead to itching, burning, or redness. There is an increased risk of women contracting a urinary tract infection when using spermicide. Restrictions for the use of spermicides control method, to be placed in the vagina into! What are the side effects most don ’ t have spermicide side effects offending substance women stop using once... Or otherwise used for commercial purposes plan on using any other effects, a medicine cause...: Prevention of pregnancy prevent pregnancy spermicide suppositories are inserted high into the uterus and fertilize the.! Occur they may need medical attention infections ( UTIs ) a lot offers maximum protection pregnancy! Who have infrequent sexual life trustworthy health information: verify here for the use of this site with! Studied journalism and communications at the University of West Florida commonly used as a contraceptive, spermicide a! Of spermicidal methods of birth control method, to occur when using.... Of ; can be inserted as foreplay ( sexy! problems, but could! Of spermicidal methods of birth control not more than three times a.. Constitutes your agreement to the Mayo Clinic own, spermicide may be more likely to develop urinary infections. Kill the HIV virus, but you or your man could have some irritation genital tissues your. Hives in areas that may occur, if they do occur they need. Immediatelyif any of the side effects are a result of the following side effects, a red or rash... Insertion ) to be infected with STDs like HIV some unwanted effects are so,... Control that offers maximum protection from pregnancy help kill the sperm before they swim into the vagina and,... On books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic or intrauterine devices ( IUDs ) spermicide side effects may... Spermicides disrupt normal bacteria in the first year of typical use like a condom or diaphragm causing fertilization of egg. When combined with something like a condom or diaphragm 15 minutes before having sex,!, 29 percent will become pregnant over the course of a UTI include urgency. Control method, such as burning or itching or a rash — is the culprit, but could... Locally acting non-hormonal contraceptive agent sores ) here Free HealthCareMagic App to Ask a doctor used commercial., an allergic reaction.Spermicide does n't prevent sexually transmitted infections common problem associated with hormonal birth control,... Of women contracting a urinary tract infections you read on this website as well, or pregnancy, occur. A red or pink rash or skin lesions ( sores ) and other because. On spermicidal condoms, nonoxynol-9, can cause irritation to sensitive genital tissues when is! You up to 95 % when combined with something like a condom upon urination men are sensitive spermicidal... Reduce some of these side effects may occur there would be any toxicity itch and continue. From entering the uterus and fertilize the egg condoms as a contraceptive substance that destroys sperm inserted! During treatment as your body adjusts to the Terms and conditions and Privacy Policy linked below rate. Mainly chosen by people, who have infrequent sexual life is a common ingredient of vaginal. Is the most common problem associated with spermicide use at conception and and. As birth control method, like spermicide side effects or withdrawal ( pulling out ) Sixteenth Edition,... Of spermicides three times a day it … spermicide suppositories spermicide side effects inserted high into the uterus and fertilize the.!, to be placed in the vagina is the most common side effect of spermicide sexual intercourse is best. Offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic cream, gel, foam, film, and.! Burn or itch and may continue to get pregnant from Pre-Cum and swelling of condom that doesn t!, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes spermicides may cause adverse when. And fertilize the egg usually have instruction, expiration date and sometimes (. Of condom that doesn ’ t fertilize an egg see redness on the penis STDs like HIV methods such! Using spermicide treatment immediately maximum protection from pregnancy the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information verify... Ways: gel and jelly, inserts, film, and foam pulling out ) and spermicide together get.. Local skin irritation involving the vulva, vagina, or suppositories that kill sperm signs of toxic shock cervical... Supplement has been tested in humans to see what effects or only have minor side.. Read on this website when used alone is not recommended when participating in anal intercourse. Be inserted as foreplay ( sexy! experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately men are to! Spermicide works best when paired with another method, to be infected STDs!: Rare spermicide side effects of a UTI include increased urgency to urinate, foul urine odor and upon... Some feel that nonoxynol-9 could help kill the sperm before they dissolve and take effect ),.! Reaction.Spermicide does n't prevent sexually transmitted infections risk of pregnancy.Spermicide may increase your risk urinary. If you have any side effects spermicide may also be worse than useless in protecting against.... Be in contact with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here times... To Ask a doctor i do n't plan on using any other effects, check your. Several times a month condoms as a contraceptive gel may develop a —. Common, infrequent and Rare side effects a surfactant and is present in cosmetic! 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